C:UsersEvangeliaDesktopGoldsmiths##Negotiations and ConfliThis map shows a new constructed geography that has been created through processes of time restandardisation. It surpasses physical space and real geography while attempting to represent the fragmentation of the world that occurs when time becomes political, and territories break from the standards of Greenwich Meantime. The map does not separate land from sea and treats both spatial conditions equally, as tools used for capital expansion.  Although the world is divided into 12 geographical time zones, today, there are 40 different local times used around the world. Two places that are just a few kilometres apart might have several hours time difference. The often abused flexibility of time zone borders detaches a singular physical space from its solar time, making it always either ahead or behind actual time. It also makes a relationship in between any two physical places on earth different in time in comparison to space. Exercising political power by adjusting clocks and calendars creates a new set of spatial relationships that blurs the importance of national borders and problematises a world that is divided temporally as well as spatially.


  • In 2016 there were five countries that changed their time zones.
  • Rio de Janeiro time could be +1, +2 or +3 hours ahead of New York time depending on the time of the year.
  • In the extreme western part of China the sun is at its highest point at 15:00, in the extreme eastern part – at 11:00.
  • North Korea turned its clocks back half an hour to introduce its own time zone – Pyongyang Time.
  • There was no December 30, 2011, in Samoa and Tokelau as the islands recalibrated their time zone for trade reasons. They just skipped straight to December 31 from 29 so they could be closer in time to Australia and New Zealand.
  • In Australia, one time zone “Australian Central Western Standard Time” serves a few hundred people at most.
  • To streamline business relations with Moscow and unite with the rest of the country, Putin swiftly abolished two out of eleven time zones overnight

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